Ranthambhore in Rajasthan is one of the smallest Project Tiger reserves. The name is derived from the fort that stands majestically in the middle of the jungle. The name Ranthambhore is taken from two hills Ran and Thanbhor located in the region. Another legend says that Ranthambhore was once called Ranastambhapura or City of the Pillars of War.
In the early 19th century the Ranthambhore forests were private hunting reserves of the Maharajas of Jaipur. In 1960 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of England and H.R.H Duke of Edinburgh visited Ranthambhore as guests of the Maharajas on a royal hunt. Hunting was banned in 1970 when less than 2000 tigers remained of the 19th century population of 50,000 and few years later started Project Tiger.
The area of Ranthambhore was the hunting reserve of the Jaipur State and continued to be so till 1970 even after it was declared a sanctuary.
Area: 1334 sq. km
Core Area: 300 sq. km
Latitudes: 25 46'N to 21 12'N
Longitudes: 76 17'E to 77 13'E
Elevation: 350 mts. above mean sea level.
The nearest airport is at Jaipur.
Sawai Madhopur is on the main line between Delhi and Mumbai.All major trains stops here.
Sawai Madhopur is well connected by road to the major cities of Rajasthan.
October to November:
A most beautiful time of the year with greenery all around but sightings are not so good.
December to February:
These are cold months of winter and ideal for tiger sightings. Tigers enjoy walking long distances and there is very little rain, skies are clear and enough light in the morning and evening.
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